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Archive for March, 2011

تطوير علاج للعقم في الأردن

31/3/2011 م

توفيق عابد-عمان

نجح فريق طبي أردني بتطوير طريقة حديثة لعلاج العقم عند الرجال لأول مرة في العالم باستخدام الخلايا الجذعية الذاتية المسحوبة من نخاع المريض وزراعتها في خصيتيه لتقوم بتصنيع الحيوانات المنوية بطريقة طبيعية، مما يعطي أملا بحل مشكلة العقم كما تشير النتائج الأولية.

وقال الخبير في أبحاث الخلايا الجذعية الدكتور أديب الزعبي للجزيرة نت “إن طريقتنا أردنية بامتياز باستخدام أنواع جديدة ومحددة من الخلايا الجذعية الذاتية القادرة على تكوين أمهات الحيوانات المنوية وخلايا أخرى مساعدة وحقنها في المريض دون أخطار أو أعراض جانبية”.

ولفت الزعبي -أستاذ المناعة والخلايا الجذعية بجامعة فيلادلفيا قرب جرش إلى أن جميع العاملين بالمشروع متطوعون ولا يتقاضون أية اتعاب.

نتائج أولية

بدوره قال استشاري أمراض وجراحة النساء والعقم الدكتور نجيب ليوس, إن الطريقة الجديدة أجريت على 44 رجلا ممن ثبت عدم وجود حيوانات منوية في السائل المنوي أو الخصيتين عندهم تراوحت أعمارهم بين 25 وخمسين عاما تم فحص 24 رجلا, وبعد مرور ستة أشهر, بينت النتائج أن ثمانية رجال أظهروا تحسنا في تصنيع الحيوانات المنوية, بينهم أربعة لديهم حيوانات منوية مكتملة النمو, وثلاثة وصلوا للمرحلة الأخيرة قبل الحيوانات المنوية.

وأضاف أن النتائج ما تزال حتى الآن أولية وأن “الطريق طويل لنخرج بخلاصة مؤكدة, وسنمضي قدما لتحقيق الهدف الأسمى وهو حل مشكلة العقم بمتابعة التطورات العلمية وتعديل طريقة البحث”.

وقال إن الطريقة غير مقتصرة على الرجال فنحن بانتظار نتائج ما تم عمله للنساء فالأمانة العلمية تقتضي التمهل وعدم التسرع لحين ظهور النتائج.

وكشف ليوس للجزيرة نت عن قيام لجنة أخلاقية مسجلة رسميا بمؤسسة الغذاء والدواء الأردنية بدراسة مشروع استخدام الخلايا الجذعية في معالجة العقم وتفاصيله وسلامته للمرضى والموافقة على مواصلته, شريطة التزام الباحثين بالمعايير الأخلاقية والطبية والدينية.

وتضم اللجنة ثمانية أعضاء من أطباء وصيادلة ورجال قانون وعلماء ورجال دين, إضافة لمؤسسات المجتمع المدني.

إنجاز فريد

ومن وجهة نظر الزعبي رئيس الشبكة العربية للخلايا الجذعية, فإن هذه هي المرة الأولى التي يستطيع بها فريق طبي تقديم نتائج تظهر إنتاج الحيوانات المنوية بشكل طبيعي داخل الخصية, خصيصا لعلاج العقم باستخدام خلايا جذعية ذاتية ودون التأثير عليها بعوامل خارجية قد تؤثر على البنية الأساسية للخلايا المزروعة.

ونقل الزعبي عن استشاري جراحة الأطفال في مستشفى هوب للأطفال في شيكاغو بأميركا البروفيسور مارك هولترمان قوله, إن الطريقة الأردنية الجديدة تقدم صورة حضارية للتطور العلمي النوعي في الأردن وتعتبر إنجازا طبيا فريدا على مستوى العالم وقفزة نوعية, دون الحاجة لتدخل خارجي.

كما نقل عن أستاذ ورئيس قسم المناعة في كلية الطب في جامعة إلينوي في الولايات المتحدة بيلور براكار قوله, إن الأردن سبق دول العالم بإنجازه الطبي المهم بفضل علماء ناشطين يقدمون إنجازات طبية وعلمية رغم تواضع مخصصات البحث العلمي.

ويذكر أن الأردن سباق في استخدام الخلايا الجذعية في علاج الأمراض المستعصية كالسرطان والقلب والأعصاب والكبد والأمراض الوراثية, وتعمل ثمانية مراكز حكومية وأهلية متخصصة بهذا المجال.

المصدر: الجزيرة.
الرابط: http://www.aljazeera.net/NR/EXERES/5F0691D8-01FA-4E12-8C56-9100AB05E50F.htm.

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Protests against Shimon Peres in England

31-03-2011

 

 

Al Qassam website – Scores of Brits gathered outside Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs) in London to protest the institute’s reception of Israeli President Shimon Peres to mark 60 years of Israeli-British diplomatic ties.

 

 

Protesters shouted pro-Palestinian calls and condemned Israeli policies concerning Palestinians and called Peres a war criminal. They also demanded that Peres be arrested.

 

 

Zahir Beirawi, the spokesman of the Palestinian forum in Britain, one of the organizations behind the demonstrations, said the protests came to object that a war criminal would be allowed into the capital of England and to condemn Chatham House’s invitation to have him give a lecture on the relations between Israel and the UK.

 

 

Beirawi added that the semi-official position of Chatham House encourages Israel to proceed in its crimes against the Palestinians.

 

 

”The time has come for this government to be honest with itself and its people and to stop giving Israel a cover for its crimes,” he said.

 

 

Peres began his visit to England Tuesday and arrived from Switzerland where he received condemnation by several rights groups who demanded he be arrested for war crimes committed during the 2008-2009 war on Gaza.

 

 

Source: Ezzedeen al-Qassam Brigades – Information Office.
Link: http://qassam.ps/news-4353-Protests_against_Shimon_Peres_in_England.html.

Third Intifada page regains 27,000 fans in first day

31-03-2011

 

 

Al Qassam website- Occupied Jerusalem- The organizers of the third Palestinian intifada page on Facebook have gained over 27,000 fans in one day after the Facebook administration removed the page in response to official calls in Israel.

 

 

The page now includes opening statements condemning the Facebook administration and founder Mark Zuckerberg after they responded to pressure from Israel to close the page calling the Palestinians to take to the streets for a third intifada against Israel on May 15, which marks the anniversary of the Palestinian Nakba.

 

 

Facebook said it removed the page, which picked up a fan base of 350,000 in less than a month, claiming that it ”incites and contains calls for the use of violence against Jews.”

 

 

Israeli minister Yuli Eidelstein wrote the site’s founder Mark Zuckerberg calling for the page’s removal.

 

 

According to the Israeli daily Yediot Ahranot, the fear of a popular Palestinian revolution similar to what happened in the past, as popular uprisings continue in several Arab countries, has increased after the emergence of the page.

 

 

Source: Ezzedeen al-Qassam Brigades – Information Office.
Link: http://qassam.ps/news-4354-Third_Intifada_page_regains_27000_fans_in_first_day.html.

Muslim Brotherhood to launch newspaper and satellite channel

Wed, 30/03/2011

 

 

The Muslim Brotherhood has announced its intention to venture into mass media, according to a statement from the group’s leader, General Guide Mohamed Badie.

 

 

“The group will soon launch a newspaper and a satellite channel,” said Badie on Tuesday.

 

 

Inaugurating a new branch for the group in Alexandria, Badie also said that Copts should not fear Islam, and called on all Islamic groups to treat Copts and Jews with respect, as was the case in the time of Prophet Mohamed.

 

 

In a related development, a source close to the group said there was discord within the committee tasked with devising a platform for the group’s political party. The issue of contention was whether the party should approve of Coptic or female candidates for Egypt’s presidency.

 

 

Source: al-Masry al-Youm.
link: http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/380721.

China to turn restive Xinjiang capital into global city

BEIJING, March 30
Wed Mar 30, 2011

 

 

(Reuters) – China will turn the restive capital of the far western region of Xinjiang into an “international trade center” for central Asia by 2020 as part of plans to win the hearts and minds of residents, state media said on Wednesday.

 

 

Regional capital Urumqi was rocked by ethnic violence in 2009 between majority Han Chinese and minority Uighurs that killed nearly 200 people. Many of the Turkic-speaking Muslim Uighurs, who call Xinjiang home, chafe at Beijing’s rule.

 

 

The government has subsequently turned its attention to boosting development there and providing greater job opportunities.

 

 

New plans for remote and dusty Urumqi call for it to be turned into a “core city”, complete with improved transport links and two brand new districts built “with world-class standards”, the Xinhua news agency said.

 

 

Urumqi will get a new rail link with central China, an expanded train station, a new airport terminal and possibly a new airport too, the report said, summarizing an urban development blueprint for the city up to 2020.

 

 

“Local authorities will build faster and more convenient transportation networks to strengthen links between Urumqi and inland Chinese regions as well as areas in central and west Asia,” Xinhua added.

 

 

“Greater efforts have been made to boost the development of the far western ethnic region of Xinjiang after a deadly riot rocked Urumqi in 2009,” it added.

 

 

The city’s population is also expected to double to around 5 million by 2020, while its GDP will rise from a predicted 131.1 billion yuan ($19.9 billion) this year to 420 billion yuan by 2020, the report said.

 

 

Xinhua gave no investment figures for the ambitious scheme, nor said if any of the projects would be specifically aimed at the Uighur population.

 

 

Urumqi is a predominantly Han Chinese city. Many Uighurs complain of discrimination in the jobs market and say that government efforts to boost development in Xinjiang have mainly benefited the Han and attracted more of them to migrate there.

 

 

Xinjiang is strategically vital to China. A vast swathe of territory, it holds rich oil and gas deposits and borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Central Asia. ($1 = 6.561 Yuan) (Reporting by Ben Blanchard; Editing by Alex Richardson)

 

 

Source: Reuters.
Link: http://uk.reuters.com/article/2011/03/30/china-xinjiang-idUKL3E7EU1H920110330.

Secular forces prepare to confront Islamists in elections

Ahmed Zaki Osman
Wed, 30/03/2011

 

 

Secular groups in Alexandria are rallying to confront predominant Islamist forces in the coastal city ahead of parliamentary elections scheduled for September.

 

 

On Thursday, the Wafd Party will host all the secular parties and opposition groups in an effort to establish a coalition and develop strategies for contending with both the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafis.

 

 

“We’ve agreed on some major points such as putting aside the ideological differences since we all agree on the secularism of the state, and on not handing the revolution to dogmatic forces. We are thinking of a plan not to have two candidates from the secular bloc in the same constituency so that they don’t compete with each other,” said Rashad Abdel-Al, a Wafd Party spokesman in Alexandria.

 

 

In the meantime, the main challenge for those secular groups is a prevalent Islamic trend in Alexandria, with mainly Muslim Brotherhood and Salafi manifestations.

 

 

Alexandria is Egypt’s second largest city with a population of 4.1 million. In the last two parliamentary elections in 2005 and 2010, it was one of the main battlegrounds for the National Democratic Party’s campaign to sweep the elections, edging out lawmakers affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood.

 

 

Amid allegations of election fraud by the former regime, the Brotherhood failed to garner any of the city’s 22 seats.

 

 

In the 2005 elections, the Brotherhood won eight seats, making Alexandria its third most influential parliamentary stronghold after the Delta governorate of Gharbiya, where it had ten seats, and Cairo, where it had nine.

 

 

For some political leaders, the past dominance of the Brotherhood over the coastal city is no indicator of a landslide victory in the upcoming elections.

 

 

“Any starting point for thinking about the next parliamentary elections should bear in mind the results of the last referendum on constitutional amendments in Alexandria,” said al-Sayed Ghazi, head of the Alexandria office of the left-leaning Tagammu Party.

 

 

Alexandria had the highest voter turnout of any governorate during the 19 March referendum, with around 1.5 million voting on whether to accept or reject the constitutional amendments. With 32 percent opposing the changes, Alexandria also had the fourth-highest percentage of “no” votes.

 

 

“These figures simply give us an indicator that despite the heavy campaign marred with religious propaganda by the Brotherhood and the Salafi groups to convince people to back the referendum, one third of the voters said ‘no’,” said Ghazi. “Don’t overestimate the power of the Muslim Brotherhood in Alexandria.”

 

 

The Brotherhood and Salafis held campaigns to convince people to vote for the constitutional amendments, presumably because the group wanted early elections, for which they are perceived as the most prepared contenders.

 

 

“A third of the voters saying ‘no’ is not a small number. This number highlighted the power of the secular forces in the city that could be translated easily into parliamentary gains,” said Abdel-Al.

 

 

Abdel-Al argued that secular forces, which consist of old parties and the new opposition groups, could win at least half of the seats of Alexandria and maybe more in any electoral system.

 

 

In the 2010 elections, the Tagammu Party fielded ten candidates in Alexandria, while the liberal Wafd Party, the biggest formal opposition party in terms of membership, fielded 13 candidates but did not win any seats.

 

 

Previous elections have been based on candidates themselves rather than a system or proportional representation in which voters choose a party and the parties receive a certain number of seats accordingly. Opposition parties have criticized this system, saying it encourages candidates to spend vast amounts of money on their campaigns and also that it allows many non-political factors to influence a candidate’s popularity.

 

 

Some have advocated for proportional voting, which they hope would shift the focus to party platforms and positions and away from personalities and flashy campaigns. This is being used as a winning card for the seculars.

 

 

“Changing the electoral system will turn the electoral battle into a political contest over programs and ideas and this will be a major threat to the Muslim Brotherhood,” argued Ghazi.

 

 

Moreover, the candidate-based system is the “only means for the former ruling NDP to have the ability to compete with the Brotherhood and win some seats of the governorate’s 22 seats,” said Abdel Haleem.

 

 

As for the Salafis, conservative Islamists who have long abstained from politics but recently announced they would begin participating, secular opposition politicians believe they have no chance of winning seats in Alexandria.

 

 

Alexandria is a major stronghold for the Salafi movement, which adopts a literal interpretation of Islam and Sharia Law.

 

 

In the working class area of Karmooz in Alexandria, Salafi Abu Abdel Rahman, was hanging posters against “indecently-dressed women” on the fences of a school. The posters, featuring a non-veiled woman surrounded by insects, were put up over other Salafi posters that had been torn or removed.

 

 

“We are inviting people to return to God and adhere to the true teachings of Islam,” said Abdel Rahman, who was in the middle of a heated discussion with area residents.

 

 

Some of the Salafi banners were covered in graffiti denouncing their content or accusing followers for being extremist. In the meantime, posters reading “yes for a secular state” were also found on the streets of the city.

 

 

Tension in the city between Salafis and Copts abounds.

 

 

Joseph Malak, the coordinator of the Free National Coalition Party, the secular party dominated by Copts, said, “There are strong fears within the Coptic community in Alexandria that the Salafis are preparing to attack unveiled women. We do not know whether these rumors are related to news about the Brotherhood possibly conducting a dialogue with Coptic youth.”

 

 

Recently, an estimated 16 historic Sufi mosques were targeted by members of the Salafi movement, who believe mosques that contain shrines to the dead do not conform to Islam, Sheikh Gaber Kasem al-Kholy, the highest Sufi Sheikh in Alexandria, told Al-Masry Al-Youm.

 

 

“They have made fatal mistakes by attacking people in mosques that have tombs. They are simply causing public panic and by such attitude they are not going to achieve any success in the next elections if they decide to run,” argued Abdel-Al.

 

 

Ghazi said the “Brotherhood activists are hesitant to confront the Salafis, fearing the latter would accuse them of compromising religion. I think that they are both falling.”

 

 

According to Malak, the founding members of the Free National Coalition Party will not apply to register their party yet. “Instead we will use our platform to support candidates who believe in the secularism of the state,” he said.

 

 

With an estimated 1 million Copts living in Alexandria, the city has one of the largest Coptic communities in the nation, said Malak.

 

 

“We have seen the impact of the Coptic population in the referendum. I think that the Copts are now more determined in taking part in shaping the political landscape of the new Egypt by supporting secular voices,” said Malak.

 

 

Source: al-Masry al-Youm.
Link: http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/380751.

Students continue protests against university administrations

Wed, 30/03/2011

 

 

Student protests against university administrators continued on Wednesday at universities across Egypt, with clashes erupting at a number of sites.

 

 

At Cairo University’s School of Medicine, students organized a protest to denounce an attack on fifth-year student Amr Ibrahim by an assistant lecturer who had slapped him. The protest ended after the assistant lecturer apologized to Ibrahim.

 

 

At Cairo University’s main campus, students accused members of the university’s administrative campus security team of attacking them during a sit-in outside the university’s dome on campus, where they called for the resignation of the university president. The students accused one of the security members of injuring a disabled student and tearing his clothes.

 

 

The students were protesting to demand the removal of University President Hossam Kamil and the Faculty of Information Dean Sami Abdel Aziz. They also criticized the interference of the military police in university affairs. A group of Journalists’ Syndicate members, along with members of the 9 March Movement and the 25 Revolution Youth Coalition, joined the protest in support of students’ demands.

 

 

Meanwhile, clashes broke out between candidates running in student union elections at Ain Shams University’s Faculty of Commerce, causing the elections to be halted for over two hours. The clashes resulted in a number of injuries and fainting among the students.

 

 

Students at Helwan University decided to halt their ten-day protest for a period of three days. The students were protesting to demand the resignation of university administrators and the election of a new administration.

 

 

Protests also continued at Mansoura University’s Damietta branch as students demanded that their dean resign and that studies resume.

 

 

Dozens of Nile University students organized a protest on Wednesday outside the cabinet building to demand that classes resume after their second-semester classes were disrupted.

 

 

Source: al-Masry al-Youm.
Link: http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/380754.

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